Welcome To Forum for Global Leadership of India

“Sharing technical knowledge and experience to Indian counterparts for accelerating sustainable development and providing guidance and support to key initiatives by Subject Matter Experts (SMEs), entrepreneurs, and business leaders living outside of India.”

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 HEALTH

  1.  India has the largest number of sick people in the world for any disease – both communicable and non-communicable.
  2. Age-standardized death rate, India ranked 155 out of 187 countries in 1990 and while the number of deaths fell by 2010 from 1,447.43 to 1,096.92 per 1 lakh of population, it still lagged behind its neighbours.
  3. Bangladesh and Kenya were better than India and that medical cost was the biggest reason for indebtedness in rural areas. 70-80 percent of the health expenses are borne by the people themselves.

Women’s and Children’s Health

  1. 12 million girls were aborted in the last three decades in India
  2. Child marriage has a domino effect since this also leads to lowered education levels and lower levels of awareness
  3. 45% Indian women are married before they turn 18. This results in early pregnancies, higher morbidity and mortality rates
  4. A mother dies every ten minutes in India
  5. Over 1.25 million children die annually in India
  6. 48% of all children have stunted growth due to malnutrition. Only 7% children in India receive the minimum acceptable diet set by the WHO. The other countries we share such a dubious honor with are sub-Saharan African countries and Pakistan.

 

  • Villagers With No Access to Healthcare 50%
  • Chronically Starved 37%
  • Under 1 Babies Death Rate 10%
  • Permanently Stunted Kids 50%
  • No Access to Toilets 33%
  • Defecates in Open 50%

CLIMATE & ENVIRONMENT: Climate change crisis at a Glance

Climate change crisis A 2°C rise in the world’s average temperatures will make India’s summer monsoon highly unpredictable. At 4°C warming, an extremely wet monsoon that currently has a chance of occurring only once in 100 years is projected to occur every 10 years by the end of the century. An abrupt change in the monsoon could precipitate a major crisis, triggering more frequent droughts as well as greater flooding in large parts of India. Groundwater which is already over-exploited in India might suffer further depletion during periods of drought. Water security is widely recognized as one of the major challenges to India’s economic and social development. India’s water crisis is rooted in three causes. The first is insufficient water per person as a result of population growth. The second cause is poor water quality resulting from insufficient and delayed investment in urban water-treatment facilities. The third problem is dwindling groundwater supplies due to over-extraction by farmers. The Uttarakhand flooding disaster of 2013 may not be such a rare occurrence as global warming increases. At 2.5°C warming, melting glaciers and the loss of snow cover over the Himalayas are expected to threaten the stability and reliability of northern India’s primarily glacier-fed rivers, particularly the Indus and the Brahmaputra. Alterations in the flows of the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra rivers could significantly impact irrigation, affecting the amount of food that can be produced in their basins as well as the livelihoods of millions of... read more

WATER & SANITATION Scene in India

India is in the throes of a gigantic water and sanitation crisis. Unless we get a grip on this crisis, it will forever keep India in the bracket of under-developed, third-world countries. SANITATION: According to National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) from a survey conducted in 2012 underlined the abysmal state of sanitation in the country, particularly in rural India. According to this survey, only 32% of rural households have their own toilets and that less than half of Indian households have a toilet at home. Of the estimated billion people in the world who defecate in the open, more than half reside in India. This unhygienic environment is due to India’s historic neglect of public health services. The absence of an effective public health network in a densely populated country has resulted in an extraordinarily high disease burden. About 48 per cent of children in India are suffering from some degree of malnutrition. According to the UNICEF, water-borne diseases such as diarrhea and respiratory infections are the number one cause for child deaths in India. Children weakened by frequent diarrhea episodes are more vulnerable to malnutrition and opportunistic infections such as pneumonia. With 638 million people defecating in the open and 44 per cent mothers disposing their children’s feces in the open, there is a very high risk of microbial contamination (bacteria, viruses, amoeba) of water which causes diarrhea in children. Also, diarrhea and worm infection are two major health conditions that affect school children impacting their learning abilities. About 61.7 million Indian children are having stunted growth (exceptionally short), even smaller than children in sub-Saharan Africa and the... read more

CLIMATE & ENVIRONMENT Scene In India

Climate change crisis An election manifesto by a leading newspaper in India devotes 25% of space to economic issues and 2.5% to environmental issues even though there is widespread recognition that our economy is a subset of the environment and not vice versa. It is not clear where our major political parties and leaders stand with respect a multitude of environmental issues that endanger human security: the manifestos are still in making! Political leaders need to set forth their vision and commitments right in the beginning of their next phase of tenure. Environmental issues are important because the environment sustains all human endeavors, but in the case of India it is often forgotten that hundreds of millions, not just millions, directly rely on natural resources to sustain their livelihoods. And a vast majority of these people are at or below the poverty line. What are these issues? Degradation of natural resources—biodiversity, land, water, air—climate change, and urbanization, which disproportionately affect the poor resulting in socially unjust development, trap people in poverty, and further push us towards the cliff bordering environmental, economic and social collapse. First, the biodiversity the tremendous richness of life is a unique feature of our planet. There are millions of different types of plants, animals and microorganisms on earth. India probably has a million or so species, but perhaps not more than 80- 90,000 have been discovered and named. Not only is India very rich in the number of species, but also about one third of its species occur nowhere else on earth. As natural communities (forests, grasslands, rivers, lakes, sea shores, coral reefs..) are getting... read more

Eduction Scene in India

Though Indian education system since ancient times stressed on knowledge, scholarship, mind-body and character development and the value of service, with the passage of time the system has undergone gradual changes.  India had a great education system which almost got ruined during the Mughal period. In post-Independent India, the aim of education has been elaborately stated by various education commissions but unfortunately it has turned out to produce a new careerist class but ethics and nationalistic spirit is more or less missing from the system.   The arrival of the Mughals in the 10th century changed the face of education and after the establishment of the British Raj the system underwent another drastic change. Macaulay’s minutes and introduction of English education in India dealt a blow to the age old Vedic education as it became less important and English occupied the most prominent role. It changed the entire system of education in India. This system tended to establish a thoroughly English educational system to create a class of persons that were Indian by race and colour but English in taste, morals and intellect. After independence our policy makers laid down certain basic functions of education suited to the immediate needs of that time. These provisions have been revised time and again according to the need of the society. In spite of various efforts over the decades, India’s educational structure could not eradicate the problems of illiteracy and even now. Even after more than 60 years of independence, we find ourselves unable to achieve our decided objectives due to various reasons. Lack of awareness and an obsolete mentality about the system... read more

EDUCATION

  1. India has the highest population of illiterate adults, 287 million, 37% of the total population of such people across the world, according to UNESCO’s Education for All (EFA) Global Monitoring report.
  2. The Education For All–Global Monitoring Report finds that out of the total 759 million illiterate adults in the world, India still has the highest number.
  3. Over half of the world’s illiterate adults live in just four countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Pakistan.

According to the Census of 2011, “every person above the age of 7 years who can read and write in any language is said to be literate”. According to this criterion, the 2011 survey holds the National Literacy Rate to be around 74.07%.

Total Illiterate Adults (in million)

%

Total Illiterate Adult Percentage

%

National Literacy Rate

6 to 14 Children with no primary school education (in million)

What is required by India today is:

  1. A strategic policy formulation
  2. Cohesive and efficient implementation

With right ingredients, we could grow 12 to 14% annually for 15 to 20 years instead of 7 to 8% as India has the youngest population in the world whereas Chinese population is graying and the younger population is shrinking.

India is many decades behind western democracies and to catch up with them, we need to have a sense of urgency.